5 Signs Your Cat Has Urinary Tract Disease | petMD
Improve Communication With Your Pet- Once a pet has had a UTI, they experience pain when urinating. Cats, for example, may associate this pain with their litter boxes and could be urinating outside the box because they are associating the litter box with pain. Provide many litter boxes and clean them daily. Dogs may have “accidents” in the house either due to incontinence, pain or as a way to communicate with you so you are aware of their discomfort. Watch the signs are be aware that accidents may have a medical not just behavioral cause. For cats especially, stress factors can be a trigger that contribute to chronic urinary tract infections and/or feline interstitial cystitis. It is hard to know exactly what might be contributing to your kitty’s stress and it might be factors beyond your control such as the neighbor’s barking dog or having guests in your home. But, it could be another cat in your household or feeding issues so try to identify any sources of stress that you can control. If necessary, feed your cats separately or keep them in separate rooms while you are away. Some cats are bored and frustrated with a sedentary lifestyle and/or being indoors. Try playing with your cat and/or taking them outside in a controlled fashion (some owners use a leash) to stimulate their predatory instincts. If your cat is stressed or has anxiety, Psystabil can be very helpful.
Diet plays an important part in preventing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease. Cats who are prone to UTIs do best on an all-wet food diet, which keeps them well hydrated, and creates dilute urine and an environment that is inhospitable to the formation of crystals and stones.
Urinary tract infections are more common in dogs than in cats. Overweight pets with extra skin folds are at risk. Some female pets may have inverted vulvas that lead to bacterial buildup and secondary urinary tract infections. Very often, pets with weaker immune systems including geriatric pets as well as those with dental disease will more likely be prone to urinary tract infections. Chronic diseases such as , , cancer, and immune suppressive viruses in cats such as (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) may lead to urinary infections as well. Pets with a history of urine dribbling and involuntary urination also should be evaluated for urinary tract infection prior to starting medications such as (for dogs) for urine incontinence.. If your cat’s infection involves the formation of crystals in their urine, a change of diet may also be necessary. Certain types of
crystals require your cat to be fed a special prescription diet to help dissolve the crystals and to prevent future infections and
bladder stones. Also, certain high quality cat foods can help to normalize the pH levels in the urine which can minimize crystal
formation and aid in maintaining urinary tract health. If a special food is prescribed for your cat, it is extremely important that your
cat stays on this diet until your veterinarian advises you to do otherwise.Clinical history and a thorough physical exam are important components of diagnosing urinary tract infections in dogs and cats, as well as searching for predisposing causes. Urine testing and urine analysis, including microscopic exams of urine are the hallmarks of definitive diagnosis. The most accurate diagnostic technique is to obtain urine by having a needle inserted into your pet's bladder (known as cystocentesis) by your veterinarian. This technique is relatively painless and has a very low risk of complications. If this is not possible, pet guardians are often asked to obtain a first morning urine sample (known as a free catch sample) to drop off to their veterinarian for urine analysis. In pets with recurrent or persistent infections, additional testing may be done, including urine culture, X-rays, and ultrasound to evaluate for other diseases like urinary tract stones, polyps, or tumors. If clinically indicated, CBC/chemistry blood profiles may be done to evaluate for systemic diseases such as and .The clinical signs and final clinical diagnosis for cats with confirmed LUTI were also reported. After physical examination of the cats, urine samples including ≥5-6 leucocytes in microscopic evaluation were cultured using bacteriological techniques. The isolates were identified by conventional microbiological methods and tested for in vitro susceptibility using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method recommended by the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. Bacterial growth was observed in 16 of 61 urine samples. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests showed that 13 of 16 (81%) isolates were susceptible to cefovecin. The most frequently isolated bacterium from cats with signs of lower urinary tract infection, was Escherichia coli.