Cat Urinary Tract Diseases: Cystitis, Urethral ..
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease; FLUTD is a term used to describe any group of disorders or diseases that affects the lower urinary tract (bladder or urethra) in cats. The most common disorder of the group is feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC). FIC involves inflammation by an unknown cause, but stress is thought to be a significant factor. FLUTD is also associated with the formation of crystals/stones in the urinary tract that can cause numerous and painful ailments for your cat. The two most common types of crystals/stones are struvite and calcium oxalate. FLUTD is serious and requires medical attention. Fortunately, you can help your cat recover with treatment from your veterinarian and the right nutrition.
The food you feed your cat is extremely important to their overall health. Feeding the wrong food can contribute to the development of a urinary tract disease (FLUTD). With FLUTD, crystals or stones form within the urinary tract and cause irritation, pain and possibly blockage. In severe cases, this can lead to kidney damage or may even be fatal if not properly treated.
Hill's Prescription Diet Feline - Metabolic plus Urinary wet food helps to manage weight iΒues and urinary tract problems. This clinically proven nutritional management is suitable for cats with weight problems and which also suffer from FLUTD. The wet food comes in handy pouches and has been formulated for concurrent conditions. It can be used to help ...
One problem which can afflict cats even if they are on a nutritionally balanced and complete vegan diet is FLUTD (feline lower urinary tract disease), which is a syndrome that is more likely to occur if urinary struvite crystals or stones form secondary to urinary alkalinization and a diet too high in magnesium. Male cats are much more likely to get FLUTD and urinary obstruction, but female cats can (rarely) be affected as well. Ensuring adequate water intake is important for preventing excessive urine crystals, which can be accomplished by feeding a canned diet, adding water to dry food, or adding a pinch of salt to food to stimulate thirst.Cats on a vegan diet can develop abnormally alkaline (high pH) urine due to the more alkaline pH of plant based proteins in comparison to the acidic pH of meat-based foods which cats have evolved to eat. When the urine pH becomes too alkaline, there is an increased risk of formation of struvite (also known as magnesium ammonium phosphate) bladder crystals and/or stones. Calcium oxalate stones can also occur, but these do not occur if the urine is too alkaline, but rather if it is too acidic. Such stones can create irritation and infection of the urinary tract and require veterinary treatment. In male cats who form such crystals or stones, they can suffer more severe consequences than simply irritation or infection of the urinary tract because the stones can actually cause an obstruction of the urethra so the cat cannot urinate. This is a life-threatening emergency requiring immediate veterinary care; this involves passing a urinary catheter to relieve the obstruction, placing an indwelling urinary catheter, and starting supportive intravenous fluid therapy, along with appropriate pain management and antibiotics if indicated. These "blocked" cats frequently need to be hospitalized and monitored closely for several days before they can go home and the associated veterinary fees can easily be between $1000-$1200. The sooner a problem is identified and the cat is treated, the better the prognosis for recovery. Some cats who get blocked repeatedly require a highly specialized (and expensive, ~$2000) surgery called a perineal urethrostomy (PU). (1) High Moisture – Cats need lots of moisture in their food to help dilute toxins. Cats initially came from the desert where there was not much water to drink. Despite a lack of water, cats still need water first and foremost, just like our human bodies do, but instead of getting water out of a stream or lake, cats got water from the food they ate. In the wild, cats eat other beings…the prey of cats are very moist…in the 75%ish range. Therefore, in the wild, a cat will be getting about 75% water in each bite. This is critical because cats do not have a strong thirst drive to drink water…they must “eat” water. Dry food, on the other hand, has at most 10% water. Therefore, a cat will be getting over 8 times less water bite per bite when eating dry food. Cats are not built to catch up in the bowl which often leaves them dehydrated…the results being kidney and urinary tract issues. The urinary tract and kidneys need to be flushed with water to dilute harmful toxins.I am not suggesting that cats remain on urinary tract formula foods for the long haul, only until it's been determined by your vet that crystalization is no longer present in a urinalysis. For long term health a canned food diet (high moisture, low magnesium, poultry only) is in fact the way to go, but only after struvite crystals have been eliminated from the urinary tract.