Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
Uncomplicated urinary tract infections can be cured with antibiotics. Animals with bladder infections may need to take antibiotics for two weeks or longer. In most cases, symptoms of bladder infections resolve within 48 hours of starting treatment.
Cats are well-known for their "urinary issues" -- spraying, marking, urinary tract infections and urethral obstructions. These events may happen once or multiple times, a singular event or related. It is always most important to rule out a medical problem before assuming that your cat is just being "bad" or upset about something. Urinary obstructions are responsible for a wide variety of behavioral signs and can be fatal in 72 hours or less if untreated, so a veterinary exam is
Interestingly, bacteria are not involved in most cases of cats with signs of urinary tract inflammation, and so the use of in these cases is not recommended. Anti-inflammatory and including , Buprenex, and even may be helpful in treating urinary tract inflammation in cats. Agents that soothe the urinary bladder such as also may be useful in cats.As you might imagine, there are lots of different feline lower urinary tract diseases, including infections (bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and probably viral as well); urinary stones of various types, sizes, and locations; and even cancer. The specific cause of many cases of lower urinary tract disease remains elusive despite exhaustive diagnostic testing. In such cases, veterinarians use the term idiopathic cystitis. Some idiopathic cases are similar to a human disease called interstitial cystitis. The symptoms of your pet's urinary tract infection will usually dramatically decrease within two to four days of therapy. Prognosis of a cure for simple urinary tract infections is excellent after a two-week course of therapy. A follow-up urine analysis should be done five to seven days after antibiotic therapy is completed to evaluate for persistent, unresolved, or recurrent infection. If your pet's infections are not adequately controlled, long-term complications including deep-seated kidney infections and pain may occur. In cases that recur or with prolonged symptoms, it is important to have a complete medical examination to evaluate for underlying causes that need to be addressed. In cases where physical exam and diagnostic testing fail to determine underlying causes, long-term therapeutic options including daily, low-dose antibiotic therapy at bedtime may be tried. In other cases, five to seven-day full course antibiotic therapy each month (known as pulse therapy) is another common long-term treatment option. I caution against assuming that Buttercup's temporary response to antibiotics is proof she has a bacterial infection. Many cases of lower urinary tract disease naturally wax and wane, so antibiotics may have nothing to do with the remission. But if it turns out Buttercup does indeed have a bacterial infection, it would be prudent to look for predisposing conditions like or . Correcting any conditions found, choosing the best antimicrobial medication based on information from the diagnostic laboratory, and treating for an appropriate amount of time - usually a number of weeks - is the best way to assure treatment success. So are the bacteria "real"?
Bacterial bladder infections in cats are relatively rare. In young to middle-aged cats, only one to three percent of cases of lower urinary tract disease are found to be caused by bacteria; the number hovers around 10 percent in cats over 10 years of age. FIC, FLUTD, and FUS are synonyms for a painful syndrome in cats. FIC is currently the most commonly used name. Its symptoms, listed below, mimic those of . FIC is characterized by inflammation of the bladder and urinary tract which can be chronic or recurrent. The urine of these cats often is very strong, and may have an abnormal pH. As well, the syndrome has been correlated with crystals in the urine.