Top 10 Pain Medications for Dogs
Some antibiotics can cause liver damage in some dogs. This is considered a relatively rare side effect. Read the information sheets that come with your pet's meds -- they'll tell you what to watch out for. Immunosuppressant and anti-spasmodic drugs can also cause liver damage, especially when they're combined with an antibiotic or painkiller. Make sure your vet is aware of all medications your pet is taking before she prescribes additional ones. Have regular tests for your doggy's liver values if he's being medicated for any chronic condition.
BISPHOSPHONATES-Please discuss all information with your vet
In humans, bisphosphonates are used to treat osteoporosis and to help lower high calcium levels due to certain types of cancer. They are also used to stabilize bones that are at risk for fracture from metastatic cancer or from multiple myeloma. The most common bisphosphonates are oral alendronate (Fosamax), oral risedronate (Actonel) and intravenous pamidronate (Aredia).
In dogs, bisphosphonates are used as adjuvant therapy for the management of osteosarcoma. They inhibit osteoclast cells which are responsible for bone breakdown. This inhibition gives the osteoblast cells (bone builders) a chance to work without interference, strengthening the existing bone and creating new bone. Increasing the strength of the existing bone helps to decrease the risk of fractures, and stronger bone is less painful.
When studied in the laboratory, bisphosphonates also have a direct toxic effect on bone cancer cells, contributing to their death. There is also evidence that by inhibiting the growth of new blood vessels within the cancer, they also inhibit cancer growth.
The most commonly used bisphosphonate in the treatment of bone cancer in dogs is the intravenous pamidronate. It is used often in conjunction with radiation therapy, given in several cycles every few weeks. Recent studies have also shown that the oral alendronate may have a similar role in the stabilization of cancerous bone, by increasing the formation of healthy bone and decreasing the risk of fracture. There can be significant improvement in pain when bisphosphonates are used. Ongoing research suggests that bisphosphonates may also have a role in the inhibition of metastatic bone cancer cells, by their direct toxic effect. The indication for their use after amputation and chemotherapy remains to be defined, but there is promising laboratory evidence to support this theory.
The major side effects of bisphosphonates include gastrointestinal toxicity (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or change in appetite) and kidney toxicity. Urine tests and electrolyte and kidney blood tests should be checked prior to institution of therapy and periodically during treatment, particularly if other medications such as anti-inflammatories are being prescribed. Intravenous pamidronate is usually administered over several hours. When the oral alendronate is prescribed, it is usually administered in the morning as a single dose, followed by a small meal 30 minutes later.
Seeing your as he or she ages can be heartbreaking. When they are no longer able to play with their favorite toys or run around for an extended period of time, they may be suffering from a degenerative condition like arthritis. In order to help your dog live a fulfilling life during their senior years, you may need to administer medication or joint supplements to increase their comfort levels. What types of pain medications for dogs with arthritis are out there? There are several options and we have made it easier by outlining a short list of what you need to know.Never give your pet any medication or supplement without first consulting a licensed veterinary professional. Although many websites and pet homeopaths allege that certain “herbal pain remedies” are safer or more reliable, there is no scientific data to back up these claims. A found glucosamine/chondroitin supplements can relieve pain related to osteoarthritis in dogs, but are still skeptical, saying it has “some value, little risk.”Pain relief for dogs may be necessary in a number of instances, including when the dog is affected by a severeillness such as cancer. Cancer may be treated if detected early enough,but when the tumor spreads in the body, the disease cannot be controlled and the prognosis is poor. In this case, the dog’s condition may be improved only by administering pain medication and making sure that the dog is comfortable.Finding a suitable dog pain medication can be an important task for most dog owners at some point over the course of their pet's lives. Whether your dog has developed a chronic condition or a disorder that causes him stress and pain, or if your pet has been injured and requires relief on a more temporary basis, you'll find that certain overthe counter dog pain medications are very helpful in providing that relief to him. However, keep in mind that over the counter medicines which are safe for use in humans may not be entirely safe for use in dogs. This is why it's very important to consult with your veterinarian before you consider giving your pet any over the counter medication whatsoever. Read on for some general guidelines about over the counter pain medicines and dogs.