Ear Mites in Cats and Dogs: Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment - The Spruce
Ear mites in cats are not just found in ears. This parasite may travel all over the cat’s body. Ear mites they are very contagious. Without treatment, your cat’s ear mite infestation might spread to family dog or hamsters. All the family pets can be treated if the mites are found on just one animal.
Typical clinical signs with a history of contact with other cats or dogs would suggest the involvement of ear mites. Although ear mites frequently cause ear disease, other conditions can result in very similar clinical signs and must be ruled-out before treatment is begun.
Yes. However, ear mites have evolved to prefer dogs and cats rather than people. In people's ears, mites die without treatment after a few weeks, but they can be treated and removed as soon as they are diagnosed, just as they are for your pet. People who have had ear mites report that the infection nearly drove them insane because they could hear the scratching in their head, and because of the irritating sensation caused as the mites moved. People also report that they suffered from intense itching, heat, and inflammation. Once the ears have been cleansed of residue from the mites, you can apply medication. Most of the effective ear mite treatments contain insecticide that contains pyrethrins. The medication will usually be in the form of drops which you will put in the cat's ears, then massage so it gets good coverage. While you can buy over the counter treatments for mites, the medication provided by your veterinarian is generally stronger and may be more effective.Treatment usually takes 3 steps.
Treatment of the infected ears of all susceptible cats with a product made for CATS, never use dog medicine for cats.
Treatment of the skin of the affected cats, usually flea medicine will work on the ear mites that have moved to the skin outside the ear.
Treatment and cleaning of the cat's environment and bedding. Ear mites can live for a limited time off the animal. Products used for fleas are often used to control ear mites in the cat's environment.Ear mites are microscopic but mighty; they create discomfort in your cat and can bring about serious skin and ear infections. Without longer treatment times, home remedies such as mullein and oregano oils, and yellow dock tincture, are typically not as effective against these stubborn parasites as prescription medicines. Your holistic or traditional veterinarian should diagnose the condition and assess your cat's ears to ensure that the eardrums have not ruptured.Treatment generally begins with a thorough cleaning of the cat’s ears to remove any wax or debris that may shield the mites from topical medications. “There are many topical, oral, and systemic agents,” Dr. Miller notes, “and most—such as ivermectin—are highly effective. Even one old-time remedy—baby oil—can do the job. A few drops put into an affected ear several times a day for a month or so will usually smother the mites.” Suspect ear mites if your cat constantly shakes her head or scratches her ears. You may detect a strong odor from her ears and a coffee-colored discharge. Other signs include hair loss, swelling and abnormal skin, with scabs, scratches or redness in or near the ear. Begin treatment promptly, as the mites are highly contagious to any other pets. They typically cannot, though, be transmitted to humans. More common in cats than in dogs, mites account for the majority of ear infections in cats. They can also lead to aural hematomas that may require surgical correction.