Anti Epilepsy Drugs (AEDs) - Canine Epilepsy Resources
Most dogs do well on anti-seizure medication and are able to resume a normal lifestyle. Some patients continue to experience periodic "break-through" seizures. Many dogs require periodic adjustment of their medication dosage, and some require the addition of other medications over time.
In 2017, Purina released a veterinary diet designed to supplement anti-seizure medications. The diet employs medium-chain fatty acids as a fat source (fats come in short, medium, and long-chain types which relate to the length of their chain of their carbon chain) and it turns out that MCT's have a direct anti-seizure effect. Dogs that were not able to achieve full seizure control with medication were able to improve control or achieve total control after a 3 month trial on this diet. It is not meant to replace medications by any means, just give them a nutritional boost.
If you find that your pup's ataxia is pronounced, and shows no sign of lessening, please talk with your vet. Sometimes the anti-seizuremedication can be reduced slightly and the ataxia will be greatly reduced. Ofcourse, having ataxia is better than having a seizure, so we have to consider the balance there. If the blood levels of the medication are in question, the best way to know how much medication is being absorbed is with a simple blood test. Often the drug to reduce if you dog takes both Pb and KBr is Pb. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in dogs and is treated by chronic administration of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). In human beings with epilepsy, it is common clinical practice to consider drug withdrawal after a patient has been in remission (seizure free) for three or more years, but withdrawal is associated with the risk of relapse. In the present study, the consequences of AED withdrawal were studied in dogs with epilepsy. Therefore, 200 owners of dogs with idiopathic or presumed idiopathic epilepsy were contacted by telephone interview, 138 cases could be enrolled. In 11 cases, the therapy had been stopped after the dogs had become seizure free for a median time of 1 year. Reasons for AED withdrawal were appearance or fear of adverse side effects, financial aspects, and the idea that the medication could be unnecessary. Following AED withdrawal, four of these dogs remained seizure free, seven dogs suffered from seizure recurrence, of which only three dogs could regain seizure freedom after resuming AED therapy. Due to the restricted case number, an exact percentage of dogs with seizure recurrence after AED withdrawal cannot be given. However, the present study gives a hint that similar numbers as in human patients are found, and the data can help owners of epileptic dogs and the responsible clinician to decide when and why to stop antiepileptic medication. K-BroVet is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of seizures in dogs; however, it is not uncommon for veterinarians to use this medication to treat seizures in cats. K-BroVet may be used alone or in combination with other anticonvulsant medications. K-BroVet may also be used for other conditions not listed. If your pet experiences an allergic reaction, signs may include facial swelling, hives, scratching, and sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, shock, seizures or coma. If these signs occur, contact your veterinarian immediately. Side effects such as transient drowsiness when used with other anticonvulsant medications may last a few weeks. Change in appetite, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, and incoordination may also occur as well as increased thirst and urination. Dogs may also develop skin rashes or behavior changes. Cats may also develop a respiratory condition similar to asthma. Bromide salts have been associated with the development of pancreatitis. Symptoms may include loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and vomiting. When giving high doses, side effects may include severe vomiting, muscle pain, twitching, staggering, inability to use one or more limbs. If any of these symptoms occur, contact the veterinarian.