Anthelmintics for dogs and cats - ScienceDirect
Droncit also contains praziquantel and is available as 23 mg tabletsformulated for cats. Droncit Feline is an anthelmintic drug thatrequires a prescription and works to damage cestodes and eliminate themfrom the cat’s body. Droncit tablets are administered as a single doseand the dosage varies according to the cat’s weight. Cats that sufferfrom hypersensitivity to praziquantel shouldn’t be given droncit. Thetablets should be crumbled and mixed with cat food to make it palatable.
Hookworm infection is diagnosed by a technique called fecal flotation. A small amount of the cat's stool is mixed into a special solution, causing the hookworm eggs to float to the top and adhere to a glass slide that has been placed on the top of the solution.
"The eggs are easily identified under a microscope because of their unique appearance."The eggs are easily identified under a microscope because of their unique appearance. Since hundreds of eggs are produced on a daily basis, hookworm infection is usually fairly easy to diagnose. The number of eggs does not necessarily correlate with the number of worms present. In fact, the number of eggs passed can be greater with light infections of smaller numbers of hookworms. Fortunately, treatment is safe, simple, and relatively inexpensive. After administration of the deworming medication called an anthelmintic, the adult hookworms are killed.
"Therefore, at least two treatments are needed, given at two to three week intervals..."However, most anthelmintics do not kill the larval stages. Therefore, at least two treatments are needed, given at two to three week intervals, to kill adults that matured after the previous treatment. Ideally, kittens are treated for worms during their kitten vaccination series.
Cestex contains the active ingredient epsiprantel that’s safe foruse in cats over 7 weeks of age. The medication requires a prescriptionand is sometimes used in combination with other medication to treathookworms and roundworms. Cestex is an anthelmintic medication thatparalyzes the tapeworms and causes them to lose their hold on theintestinal wall. The tapeworms are then digested along with food andpass out through cat feces.This study was performed in order to gather recent epidemiological data on feline endoparasites in Swedish cats. Faecal samples from 205 outdoor cats were collected by their owners and submitted to the National Veterinary Institute for analysis. The study population was comprised of cats with access to an outdoor environment and with no history of anthelmintic treatment within the last 3 months. Intestinal parasites were detected with a centrifugal flotation technique and Baermann larval sedimentation was performed to detect metastrongylid lungworms. Eggs, larvae and oocysts were identified morphologically by microscopic examination. The following information was collected from cat owners: breed, sex, age, anthelminthic medication last used, observation of cestode proglottids and residential address.Along with anthelmintic medication, cats should be treated for fleainfections as most cats contract tapeworms through flea bites. Adequatedisposal of pet feces is important, particularly after treating the catwith tapeworm pills. Forty cats, each harboring 2 or 3 parasitic infections (Ancylostoma tubaeforme, Toxocara cati, and/or Taenia taeniaeformis), were used to titrate the anthelmintic efficacy of a paste containing 3.4% febantel and 0.34% praziquantel. The cats were allotted into 4 groups (10 cats/group). For 3 consecutive days, the cats were given febantel/praziquantel at 5/0.5 mg/kg/day, 10/1 mg/kg/day, 15/1.5 mg/kg/day, or a blank paste vehicle (control) at 0.29 g/kg of body weight. The recommended dosage of 10 mg of febantel and 1 mg of praziquantel/kg cleared greater than or equal to 98% of the 3 helminth species.